Best fire starter – char cloth
Char cloth is the best fire starter. It is a slow burning cloth that’s been carbonized to give it a very low burn temperature. Char cloth holds a flame for a long time, unlike a match or a flint, which is short-lived. Once you’ve caught a spark on a piece of char cloth you can feed it with tinder to get a cooking or heating fire going, even when it’s cold and damp outside. Are you ready to learn the easy way to make the best fire starter?
How to make char cloth the easy way
While you have your wood stove going this winter. Grab an Altoids tin and some fabric scraps of cotton or linen and make a few cans of char cloth for your emergency kit. That’s all you need to make the best fire starter. And it really is that easy.
“Char cloth (also called charpaper) is a swatch of fabric made from vegetable fiber (such as linen, cotton or jute) that has been converted via pyrolysis into a slow-burning fuel of very low ignition temperature.” — Wikipedia
Char cloth is used to make a fire without matches. Char cloth will burn from a few sparks made with a flint and steel, through friction, or through a magnify glass and sunlight. And it burns for a relatively long time, giving you time to feed it with tinder, like dried grass, leaves, and bark, to get a fire going. Matches just don’t stay lit long enough outdoors to get a good fire going with the available tinder – especially when it’s damp and cold. Keep a fire starter kit in your emergency kit and include char cloth.
What you’ll need to make char cloth:
Make your char cloth in the winter while you are heating your house with wood. To make it you’ll need an altoids tin, a nail and hammer, and several pieces of cotton from a torn flannel nighty, a t-shirt, a worn sheet, some old clothes, or even fabric scraps. Make sure the fabric is 100% cotton, linen, or hemp. It needs to be a plant fiber for the pyrolysis reaction to work. A manmade fiber will melt and a protein fiber like wool or silk won’t have the same chemical reaction.
Poke a tiny hole in the top of the altoids tin with your hammer and nail. This is to let the combustion gasses escape.
Cut several pieces of cotton to fit inside the altoids tin. They can be any size from an inch square to the size of the bottom of the altoids tin. These will be the finished sizes of your char cloth. Don’t make them too small as you want them to hold the flame long enough to catch your available tinder on fire.
How to make char cloth on top of your woodstove
Most instructions on the internet tell you to build a fire and put the altoids tin directly into the coals and watch the gases escape. But you need to stop the pyrolysis when you see the gases stop escaping from your tin. This is awkward if the tin is inside your firebox.
On the other hand, you can place your altoids tin on top of your wood heater or wood stove and make the char cloth on the top of your woodstove. It takes a little more time, but you aren’t in a hurry. Just put it on the back of the woodstove and keep it there until the process is finished.
The gases that escape have a sweet smoky smell. Have good ventilation in the room when you do this. There isn’t enough smoke produced to actually set off a smoke alarm. (Note: if you have asthma don’t do this indoors, it could trigger a reaction).
Put your prepared tin on top of your wood stove, when you have a good fire in the fire box. After an hour or so the altoids tin heats up enough to begin the reaction. The reaction takes several hours. When it’s done you’ll have carbonized cotton squares – char cloth.
After about 4 hours, I remove the altoids tin from the stove top and let it cool and check the reaction. But don’t open the tin while it is still hot. The sudden influx of oxygen could set the contents of the tin on fire, if it’s still smoking.
Is it done yet?
When I see that the bottom fabrics are dark brown, I flip the altoids tin on its lid and complete the charring on the other side. This takes about 3 or 4 more hours, depending on how hot you keep your woodstove. Periodically check for colour. You are looking for blackened fabric throughout. If it is black in the centre but dark brown to tan on the edges you need to cook it for a little bit longer.
Store your char cloth in your kit bag
When you are finished, transfer the char cloth to a new altoids tin and put it in your 72 hour kit bag with a fire flint, and some tinder. I put dryer lint and some post it notepads in another altoids tin for the best fire starter kit. You can also pick up packaged tinder for your emergency kit.
Use the heat from your woodstove to make the best fire starter
Over the winter, while your woodstove is going you can make quite a bit of char cloth. But use the same precautions making char cloth as you would with a lit candle. Don’t leave the house with your box of char cloth on the top of the wood stove, and don’t go to bed with it in process. I take mine off the top of the fire box overnight and put it back on in the morning, just to be on the safe side.
The next step — using your char cloth to start a fire
How to process tinder in a survival situation and get a fire going using char cloth from Martin Survival.
Learning to start a fire without matches is an essential homestead survival skill. Char cloth is the best fire starter in these situations. You can find more DiY inspiration in the Joybilee Farm Newsletter, delivered to your inbox weekly.