How to make apple cider vinegar at home using apple cider

Health benefits of Apple Cider Vinegar

diy apple cider vinegar~JoybileeFarm

Apple cider vinegar has a huge pile of health benefits that include weight-loss, stabilizing blood pressure, control of blood sugar levels, help for arthritis and joint pain, and relief of constipation and IBS.  Those who benefit from apple cider vinegar incorporate apple cider vinegar into their diet 2 to 4 times a day.  That’s amounts to a large 32 ounce bottle every week at a cost of almost $10 per quart including shipping.  If you use 3 tbsp of apple cider vinegar before each meal, you can save $10 per week or $520 per year, by making your own vinegar from waste apples, apple peelings and cores, or homemade apple cider.  And that’s just the savings on the vinegar.  Imagine the savings on health care costs and pharmaceuticals.

Apple Cider Vinegar, Organic Raw Unflavoured 32oz

Most health food stores carry Braggs brand of apple cider vinegar, which is highly recommended because it is made from organic apples and contains the naturally occurring vinegar mother.

Apple pressing time

The Gardening Notebook is the ultimate gardening tool. This printable notebook has over 120 pages of

Making Apple Cider Vinegar at home is frugal and self-sufficient

If you have a bottle of Braggs Apple Cider Vinegar, you can make apple cider vinegar at home, and stop forever buying apple cider vinegar at the store.  When you make apple cider vinegar at home you participate in self sufficiency at its best.  Making ACV at home is frugal as well as self-sufficient, since one small bottle of Braggs Apple Cider Vinegar can give you ACV for life — just add apples.  Do you have a wild apple tree in your neighbourhood that the fruit is just falling on the ground?  Ask if you can pick it.  Do you have an apple orchard in your community?  Ask for their cull apples or cider apples.

Making ACV at home uses the smaller, misshapen apples, so you aren’t taking away from the good eating apples in your root cellar.  Its also a great way to use up root cellar apples near the end of the season, before they go bad.

To make apple cider vinegar at home you need apples, preferably organically grown apples, as you are going to use the apple peels, too.  Or you can use apple cider to make ACV at home.

This Fall I tried three different methods for making apple cider vinegar at home.   All three were equally successful.  One method took longer, than the others but the final apple cider vinegar was superior and contained more of the apple goodness.  I will give you that method here.

This method uses 1 gallon of raw apple cider.  You can make the apple cider yourself using a cider press, like we did.  Or you can contact your local organic apple grower and request a 1 gallon jug of raw apple cider.  Most apple cider sold in the store has been pasteurized by heat processing, to prevent fermentation.  You can use this, if its all you can find, but you will have to add the correct beneficial bacteria and wine yeasts.  Pasteurized apple cider will not ferment properly because the yeasts have been killed by heat.

Making apple cider vinegar at home in 2 easy steps

Apple cider

Making apple cider vinegar at home is a two step process.  In the first step the naturally occurring yeasts, present on the skins of the apples, turn the raw apple cider into hard cider or apple wine.  If you are using pasteurized apple cider you will need to add some wine yeast to get the process started — you can use champagne yeast or yeast for white wine.  Don’t use bread yeast.  (mix the wine yeast with some water and wait till it bubbles, before adding half to each wide mouth jar containing apple cider.)

If you are starting with raw apple cider simply pour the apple cider from the glass jug into a clean, sterilized, wide mouth 2 quart/litre canning jar.  Two of these jars will hold the apple cider from 1 gallon.  You don’t need to add wine yeast if you are starting with raw, unpasteurized apple cider.  The naturally occurring yeasts already present on the skins of the apples will ferment the cider for you.

Cover the jars with a clean cotton handkerchief.  I secure the handkerchief on the jars using a metal jar ring.  You can use a rubber band, instead.  Some recipes say to use cheese cloth to allow vinegar fruit flies into the mixture.  They will crawl through the cheese cloth and lay their eggs in your fermenting cider.  EWWWW!  No thanks.  You don’t need the hit and miss additions of fruit fly bacteria for your self sufficiency efforts.  Go with the clean handkerchief and you won’t have any fruit fly dung or larva in your finished ACV.

The first step in making apple cider vinegar at home is the fermentation stage, where wine yeasts turn the apple cider into hard apple cider or apple wine.  Your apple cider will bubble during this stage and you will see the formation of fine bubbles on the side of the jar.  If you jostle the jar the bubbles will rise to the top.  The apple cider will smell like unfinished, harsh wine.  Leave it to work until the bubbling stops.  That indicates that most of the natural sugars (fructose) that are present in the cider have been converted to alcohol.

During this stage the jar may overflow, so keep it on a towel in your cupboard or on your window sill.  You don’t want to be cleaning up sticky juice off your cupboards and counters.

Step 2: Converting the hard cider to apple cider vinegar

For this second stage you will need some vinegar mother.  You can use the SCOBY (the translucent, rubbery disc from another batch of vinegar) or you can add 1/4 cup of unpasteurized vinegar that contains live vinegar mother, like Braggs brand ACV.  I used 1/4 cup of Braggs brand vinegar.  If you don’t have either, you can replace the handkerchief with cheese cloth and take your chances with the fruit flies, you might get good tasting apple cider vinegar or you might get something else.  Once you have a good tasting apple cider vinegar, save the SCOBY in a glass jar, moistened with vinegar, in the fridge for your next batch.

Once the 1st stage has stopped its fermentation, add your vinegar mother to the apple cider/apple wine.  Cover again with a clean handkerchief and leave it exposed to air, in a dark cupboard.  It will not overflow at this stage.  Leave it undisturbed for about a month.  It will form a new baby SCOBY  Once the SCOBY has dropped to the bottom of the jar and a new baby SCOBY has formed to completely cover the jar, your ACV is ready.

Save the SCOBY!diy apple cider vinegar~JoybileeFarm

Taste your DIY apple cider vinegar.  Does it taste like you expect it to?  It will mellow with age, but it should taste sour, but not metallic or bitter.  If you like the taste, save your SCOBY in a glass jar, covered with 1/2 inch of the vinegar.  Keep it in the fridge for your next batch.

Now pour off the vinegar from your jars into glass bottles.  I just washed and reused my empty Braggs bottles.  They are already labelled.  I left the sludge in the bottom of the jars, along with any poorly formed scobies.  Wash the jars later.  I poured the vinegar off into clean glass bottles and capped.  The vinegar will improve in flavour if you let it age a few months, like wine improves.  Some of the harshness will be removed in the aging process and the flavour will get smoother.  But you can use it right away, without aging if you want to.





  1. April Emigh says

    I am in the process of making 2 gallon mason jars of acv. how ever, in one of my jars the liquid is whitish and it smells sour. has this gone bad?

    • says

      It could be yeast. If it’s sour though check the pH with litmus paper. If it’s below 3 it’s probably fine. The vinegar mother appears transluscent white as it is first forming.


Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *